Facts about Large Intestine talk about an element in the digestive system of human being. In the gastrointestinal tract, it is considered as the last part. People also call it as the large bowel. The large intestine plays an important role in the digestive system for absorption of water is conducted here. The waste material is stored as feces. During the defecation process, the feces will be eliminated from the body. Let us check other facts about the large intestine below:
Facts about Large Intestine 1: the parts of large intestine
The cecum, colon, rectum and anal canal are included as parts of large intestine based on most biological sources. The anal canal is absent as a part of large intestine in other sources.
Facts about Large Intestine 2: the length of large intestine
The length of large intestine reaches 5 feet or 1.5 meters in human being. It occupies one-fifth of the length of gastrointestinal tract.
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Facts about Large Intestine 3: colon
The last part of the digestive system is located in the colon. Before the solid waste is eliminated from the body, the salt and water will be absorbed in the colon.
Facts about Large Intestine 4: the bacteria
The bacteria are also found in the colon when they conduct fermentation.
Facts about Large Intestine 5: the water
Every single day, the colon has to deal with around 45 ounces of water or 1.5 liter of water. The colon does not participate in the absorption of nutrient and food for that is the job for the small intestine.
Facts about Large Intestine 6: the length of colon for male and female
The male has the length of colon at 166 cm. On the other hand, the length of colon for female is around 155 cm.
Facts about Large Intestine 7: the sections of colon
Colon has five sections in mammals. The first section is the ascending colon when it houses the cecum and appendix. The second one is the transverse colon divided into colic flexures and transverse mesocolon. The other sections are the descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum.
Facts about Large Intestine 8: appendix
Until this present day, the experts are still uncertain about the function of an appendix. It has nothing to do with the digestive system. However, there is a belief that the microflora of the colon is housed in the appendix.
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Facts about Large Intestine 9: the sigmoid colon
The sigmoid colon has the S shape. The stool will be moved into the rectum because this colon can contract.
Facts about Large Intestine 10: the common disease
The common diseases, which may affect the large intestine, include intussusceptions, appendicitis, pseudomembranous colitis, constipation, colonectal polyp and many more.
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