Get the interesting information about an open letter written by the notable African American civil right activist, Martin Luther King Jr. on Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail. The letter was written on 16th April 1963. In the letter, King elaborated his defense on the non-violent resistance strategy against racism. People also recognize it as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro is Your Brother. Below is the complete information about the letter:
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 1: the breaking the unjust law
The letter stated that breaking the unjust law should be conducted by the people who own moral responsibility. The people should not be passive by waiting the justice in the court. On the other hand, the people should be active by taking direct action to get justice.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 2: the importance of the letter
The letter received its significance in the beginning of 1960s when the American Civil Rights Movement began.
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Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 3: Birmingham campaign
On 3rd April 1963, the Birmingham campaign started. The main purpose was to fight against the racial segregation and racism in Birmingham, Alabama. The campaign was conducted by having sit-ins and marches.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 4: the coordinated campaign
The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights and King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference were the coordinators of the nonviolent campaign in Birmingham.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 5: the banned campaign
The campaign, which included picketing, trespassing, boycotting, demonstrating and parading, was banned by Circuit Judge W. A. Jenkins on 10 April 1963.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 6: the response of leaders of American civil rights
The ruling of the Circuit Judge was disobeyed by the leaders of American civil rights.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 7: the arrest
King with other leaders during the campaigns were arrested on 12 April 1963 in front of thousands of African American people.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 8: King’s condition in Birmingham Jail
King was put in Birmingham Jail. He was met with bad condition. He wrote the letter as a response of “A Call for Unity”. It was an article in newspaper against King and his method based on the statement of eight white Alabama clergymen.
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Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 9: “A Call for Unity” by clergymen
A Call for Unity” by clergymen believed that social injustice should be fought in courts, not in the streets.
Facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail 10: outsiders
King and his fellow activists were seen as the outsiders who caused problem in Birmingham streets. The letter was used by King to response the point of view.
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