Facts about Lord Shaftesbury will inform the life of the seventh of Earl of Shaftesbury. He was born on April 28th, 1801 and died on October 1st, 1885. In 1811 until 1851, he was called Lord Ashley for his full name is Anthony Ashley Cooper. He inherited the title as Lord Shaftesbury after the death of his father. Shaftesbury was known as a social reformer and politician in England. His father was the sixth of Earl of Shaftesbury, Cropley Ashley-Cooper. Anthony Henry Ashley-Cooper was the younger brother of Shaftesbury.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 1: the education
In 1812 until 1813, Shaftesbury attended Manor House school. Then he continued his education at Harrow School. In 1822, he earned the first class honors in classics from Christ Church, Oxford. In 1832, he earned an MA. In 1841, he got the DCL.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 2: the early family life
The early family life of Shaftesbury was not happy because of the lack of love. The parental love of Shaftesbury was limited.
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Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 3: Tory Member of Parliament
Shaftesbury supported Duke of Wellington. In June 1826, he became Tory Member of Parliament for Woodstock. He was offered with a position in a new government when the Prime Minister was George Canning.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 4: rejecting the position
Shaftesbury rejected the offer for he did not want to betray Duke of Wellington who had been his allegiance.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 5: the Ten Hours Act 1833
When he was in the House of Commons, the Ten Hours Act 1833 was introduced by Shaftesbury in March 1833.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 6: the content of the Ten Hours Act 1833
The content of the Ten Hours Act 1833 was related to the regular hours of work and age of children involved in the industries. The children must be at least nine or above if the industries of cotton and woollen wanted to employ them. The person with the age under 18 should not work more than 8 hours on Saturday and 10 hours on a day.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 7: the amended version
The Whig amended the act by replacing the word 18 to 13.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 8: the chimney sweeps
The work as chimney sweeps was often conducted by the boys. Shaftesbury was one of persons who did not support this job conducted by boys.
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Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 9: the negative health effect
The negative health effect for being a chimney sweep was seen from the soot filling the throat and eyes. The boys also had the lacerated skin.
Facts about Lord Shaftesbury 10: the Chimney Sweepers Regulation Act 1864
The Chimney Sweepers Regulation Act 1864 was introduced to make sure that children were no longer used as chimney swept. However, the law was ineffective.
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