10 Facts about Lysosomes

Post On: April 5, 2017
By: Agustina

Facts about Lysosomes will discuss the membrane-bound organelles, which can be found in almost all animal cells. Hydrolytic enzymes are found inside the organelles. The biomolecules will be able to break down with the enzymes. It has a particular composition, which can be found on the lumen and membranes. The lumen, which has the pH of 4.5 to 5.0, is suitable for hydrolysis. The activity in the stomach will be assisted with that pH.

Facts about Lysosomes 1: cell processes

Lysosomes play an important role in the life of animals for many cell processes are assisted by this organelle.

Facts about Lysosomes 2: the types of cell processes

Lysosomes play major parts in cell processes like energy metabolism, cell signaling, plasma membrane repair and secretion.

Facts about Lysosome

Facts about Lysosome

Facts about Lysosomes 3: digestion

The unwanted materials in the cytoplasm will be disposed by Lysosomes. Autophagy is a process used to digest the material inside the cell. Endocytosis is a process, which takes up the materials located outside the cells.

Facts about Lysosomes 4: the size of Lysosomes

Can you guess the size of Lysosomes? They come in small to big size. The smallest ones usually are 10 times smaller than the biggest ones.

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Facts about Lysosomes 5: Christian de Duve

Christian de Duve was the Belgian biologist who named and discovered Lysosomes. In 1974, Duve received a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Lysosome Facts

Lysosome Facts

Facts about Lysosomes 6: the number of enzymes

There are at least 60 types of enzymes found in Lysosomes. Nuclear genes control the synthesis of lysosomal enzymes. If the mutation occurs in these genes, human being may develop human genetic diseases called lysosomal storage diseases. The ability of break the enzymes down lead into the accumulation of particular substances. The diseases are related to ageing, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer and neurodegenerative disorders.

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Facts about Lysosomes 7: the biomolecules

The biomolecules broken down due to the presence of Lysosomes and its enzymes include lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and peptides.

Facts about Lysosomes 8: the maximum activity

The maximum activity of Lysosomes will be achieved if the acidic environment is present.

Lysosome Image

Lysosome Image

Facts about Lysosomes 9: the exact size

The exact size of Lysosomes is around 0.1 μm to 1.2 μm.

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Facts about Lysosomes 10: the affected organs

When Lysosomes cannot work well due to the accumulation of biomolecules, some organs like viscera, cartilage, bone and brain will be affected. Gaucher’s disease is the most prevalent Lysosome disease due to the lack of enzyme glucocerebrosidase.

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