Let me show you the useful information about the Hansen’s disease on Facts about Leprosy. This disease is caused by Mycobacterium lepromatosis or Mycobacterium leprae. Both bacteria produce the long-term infection to the patient. At first, the symptoms are absent after the infection within 5 to 20 years. Then the symptoms will develop by having granulomas on the eyes, skin, respiratory tract and nerves. This condition leads into the poor eyesight and weakness. The ability of the patients to feel the pain is also decreased.
Facts about Leprosy 1: the contamination of leprosy
Leprosy is more common to infect the people who live in poverty. It may spread into other people through the contact with the fluid from the nose of the patient and a cough. The popular belief thinks that this disease is highly contagious. Actually, it is not.
Facts about Leprosy 2: the types of Leprosy
Leprosy is divided in two primary types based on the number of bacteria. Both are multibacillary and paucibacillary.
See Also: 10 Facts about Laser Eye Surgery
Facts about Leprosy 3: the differences of paucibacillary and multibacillary
Multibacillary or paucibacillary is seen from the presented numb skin patches. Multibacillary has more than five patches. On the other hand, paucibacillary five patches or fewer.
Facts about Leprosy 4: the diagnosis
The diagnosis of Leprosy can be conducted in two ways. It may use the polymerase chain reaction to detect the bacteria in the DNA or using a biopsy.
Facts about Leprosy 5: the treatment
The multidrug therapy is considered as the curable treatment for leprosy.
Facts about Leprosy 6: Treatment for multibacillary leprosy
The medication, which consists of clofazimine, dapsone, and rifampicin, will be given to the patients with multibacillary leprosy for twelve months.
Facts about Leprosy 7: Treatment for paucibacillary leprosy
The patients with paucibacillary leprosy will receive rifampicin and dapsone for their treatment for six months.
Facts about Leprosy 8: the cases of leprosy
The number of leprosy cases declined significantly from 1980s to 2010. In 1980s, there were 5.2 million cases of leprosy. In 2012, there were only 189,000 cases of leprosy. World Health Organization gives the treatment for the leprosy for free.
Related Article: 10 Facts about Latent Auto Immune Disease
Facts about Leprosy 9: the countries with high cases of leprosy
More than half of new cases of leprosy are found in India.
Facts about Leprosy 10: the untreated leprosy
If leprosy is left untreated, the skin, nerves, eyes and limbs will experience permanent damages.
What do you think on facts about leprosy?