A historic castle located in central London will be explained on Facts about London Tower. The exact location is on the north bank of River Thames. It has the official name of Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London. England was conquered by the Norman under the leadership of William, the Duke of Normandy who served as the King of England. In the end of 1066, Tower of London was established under his commission as a part of Norman Conquest. Let us find out other useful facts about London Tower below:
Facts about London Tower 1: the White Tower
In 1078, William the Conqueror built the castle as White Tower. The tower symbolized the oppression of the new ruling elite in London.
Facts about London Tower 2: as a prison
London Tower served as a prison in 1100 until 1952. Actually, the main objective of constructing the tower was not for prison.
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Facts about London Tower 3: royal residence
Before it became a prison, it was the residence for the royalty during the early history.
Facts about London Tower 4: the whole design
Tower of London has a number of buildings collected as a complex. The defensive walls and moat served as two concentric rings for the whole design of Tower of London.
Facts about London Tower 5: expansion
In 12th and 13th centuries, the tower of London had a number of expansions under the reign of Edward I, Henry III and King Richard.
Facts about London Tower 6: the importance of London Tower
In the history of England, London Tower played a prominent part. The enemies tried to control the tower for it served as an important symbol of controlling England. Therefore, it was besieged few times. It had different function over the years. It had been a home for the Crown Jewels for England, the house for the Royal Mint, a menagerie, armory or even a treasury.
Facts about London Tower 7: in the end of 15th century
London Tower was used as the prison for Princes in the tower in the end of 15th century. It was not used as the royal residence under the Tudor dynasty even though the castle was attempted to restore.
Facts about London Tower 8: as a prison
In 16th and 17th century, London Tower was mainly used as a prison. The notable figures that had been kept here included Elizabeth Throckmorton, Sir Walter Raleigh and Elizabeth I.
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Facts about London Tower 9: execution
Only seven people who had been executed in London Tower even though it gained the reputation as a place of death and torture.
Facts about London Tower 10: the London Tower today
Today, the London Tower is one of the most popular landmarks to visit by the tourists. World Heritage Site protects the building.
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