The language mostly spoken by the Chinese people is explained on Facts about Mandarin. The people who live in southwestern and northern China speak Mandarin. The basis of Standard Chinese or Standard Mandarin is the Beijing dialect. The Northern dialects are often used to call the group of Mandarin dialects spoken in the north regions. Almost a billion people in the world are the native speakers of Mandarin. Why don’t you look at the detailed facts about Mandarin below?
Facts about Mandarin 1: the Chinese speakers
Mandarin is spoken by at least 70 percent of Chinese speakers spreading from Heilongjiang, Xinjiang and Yunnan.
Facts about Mandarin 2: the tones
Four tones are available on many Mandarin varieties. Most of them do not retain the final stops of Middle Chinese. They are transformed into a final glottal stop.
Facts about Mandarin 3: the importance of Beijing dialect
Beijing dialect is influential because of it has been spoken by the people whose areas near the capital.
Facts about Mandarin 4: a national lingua Franca
Since the 14th century, the status as a national lingua franca in China has been earned by Mandarin language. The national language of China is the combination between Beijing dialect and other Mandarin dialects.
See Also: 10 Facts about Learning Language
Facts about Mandarin 5: the official language
The official language of People’s Republic of China and Taiwan is Standard Chinese. In Singapore, Mandarin is considered as one of the four official languages.
Facts about Mandarin 6: the international language
Mandarin also serves as the international language for the Chinese people who spread in various parts of the world.
Read Also: 10 Facts about Literature
Facts about Mandarin 7: the written forms
The simplified characters of Standard Chinese are employed in Malaysia, Singapore and China. The traditional characters are still employed by the people in Taiwan, Macau and Hong Kong.
Facts about Mandarin 8: the dialect groups
Mandarin is divided in eight major dialect groups. They are Jilu Mandarin, Lower Yangtze Mandarin, Northeastern Mandarin, Jiaoliao Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, Central Plains Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin and Beijing Mandarin.
Facts about Mandarin 9: Jilu Mandarin and Northeastern Mandarin
The people who live in Shandong and Hebei often use the Jilu Mandarin for their daily life communication. Most people who live in Manchuria speak Northeastern Mandarin. Some words from Manchurian and Mongolian languages are found in Mandarin in Northeastern varieties because its contact.
Read Also: 10 Facts about Literature of Myanmar
Facts about Mandarin 10: Southwestern Mandarin
The people who live in Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Hubei, southern Shaanxi, Guangxi and Hunan speak Southwestern Mandarin.
Are you well informed after reading facts about Mandarin?