10 Facts about Mariana Trench

Post On: May 29, 2017
By: Agustina

Read Facts about Mariana Trench to find out the deepest part of the oceans.  It sits around 124 miles or 22 km on the eastern part of Mariana Islands. On average, it has the width of 43 miles or 69 kilometers. The length is measured at 1,580 miles or 2,550 kilometers. Mariana Trench is defined as a scar on the crust of earth. The shape looks like a crescent. Get other unique facts about Mariana Trench below:

Facts about Mariana Trench 1: the Challenger Deep

The Challenger Deep is located at the southern end of Mariana Trench. It is defined as the small slot valley located at the floor of the trench. The maximum depth of Mariana Trench is measured at 36,070 feet or 10,994 metres.

Facts about Mariana Trench 2: other measurements

Other measurements find out that Mariana Trench has the depth of 36,210 feet or 11,304 metres.

Mariana Trench Facts

Mariana Trench Facts

Facts about Mariana Trench 3: the water pressure

The water pressure at the bottom part of Mariana Trench is measured at 15,750 psi or 1,086 bars. Compared to the standard atmospheric pressure at the sea elevation, it is 1,000 times bigger.

Facts about Mariana Trench 4: the temperature

The temperature at the bottom part of Mariana Trench is measured at 34 to 39 degrees F or 1 to 4 degrees C.

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Facts about Mariana Trench 5: the living organisms

The living organisms, which flourish in the deepest part of Mariana Trench, are the microbial life according to the reported date by the researchers on March 17th, 2013.

Mariana Trench Pic

Mariana Trench Pic

Facts about Mariana Trench 6: the name

The name the trench was taken from the name of Mariana Islands. Mariana of Austria was the Spanish Queen used to name the island.

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Facts about Mariana Trench 7: the first sounded

In 1875, Challenger expedition conducted the first sounded record in Mariana Trench. It had the depth of 26,850 feet or 4,475 fathoms.

Facts about Mariana Trench 8: a map about Mariana Trench

Petermann published a map which contained Mariana Trench in 1877 under the title Tiefenkarte des Grossen Ozeans. It English, it means Deep map of the Great Ocean. The location of the sounding was called a Challenger Tief.

Facts about Mariana Trench

Facts about Mariana Trench

Facts about Mariana Trench 9: researchers

Researchers are interested to do a scientific study in Mariana Trench. The investigation related to the subsurface water cycle was conducted in 2012 by the researchers of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Washington University.

Related Article: 10 Facts about Lagoons

Facts about Mariana Trench 10: mapping the structure

The structure was capable to map with the depth at 60 miles or 97 km below the surface by employing the hydrophones and seismometers.

Are you fascinated after reading facts about Mariana Trench?