Facts about Mauritius tell about a country in Africa. Republic of Mauritius is a small island in the Indian Ocean. This country contain the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues. The size of this country is 2,040 km2 , Port Louis as the largest city. In the past, this country formerly a dutch, French and British Colonial. Reading the detail below about Mauritius will be interesting to be read.
Facts about Mauritius 1: Geography
The Republic of Mauritius was constituted by Mauritius island as the biggest, Rodrigues is the second largest island which is 108 km2 in the east of Mauritius, and several outlying islands, namely Agalega island in the north of Mauritius, and Saint Brandon in north-east of Mauritius.
Facts about Mauritius 2: The Name
Around 975, Arab Sailors called the Mauritius Island as Dina Arobi. In 1507, Portuguese gave the name Mascarenes. In 1598, a Dutch squadron named Stadholder of the Dutch Republic, then, France renamed it Isle de France. Finally, under the British rule, the island was named Mauritius.
Facts about Mauritius 3: Dutch Mauritius
In 1638, the Dutch occupied on the island and they exploited ebony trees, introduced sugar cane, domestic animal and deer. The settlements never developed enough to produce dividends, hence the Dutch abandoned Mauritius in 1710.
Facts about Mauritius 4: French Mauritius
In 1715, After the Dutch left Mauritius, France took control of Mauritius. France survive in this island by explore sugar production under control French Governor, Bertrand-Francois Mahe de la Bourdonnais. He built Port Louis as a naval base and a shipbuilding centre. At this term, a number of building erected. In 1810, British attacked and settle the island.
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Facts about Mauritius 5: British Mauritius
Sir Robert Farquhar, Mauritius Governor, led to rapid social and economic changes. In 1832, The first Mauritanian Newspaper, Le Cerneen, launched and at that time, there was a move by the procureur-general to abolish slavery without compensation with the slave owners. Slavery successfully abolished in 1832 through giving two million pounds sterling to the planters for the loss of their slaves who imported from Africa and Madagascar.
Facts about Mauritius 6: Independence
In 1965, Britain planed to relieve of the colony of Mauritius, hence Lancester Converence was held. Around three years later, Mauritius applied a new constitution and independece was declared on March 12, 1968.
Facts about Mauritius 7: Republic
Approximately, twenty-four year after independence on March 12, 1992, Mauritius claimed a republic within the commonwealth of Nations. Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo was elected as the first Mauritanian president. As a newby in system of nation, Mauritius met dissatisfactions from everey angle facets, such as, education and politic.
Facts about Mauritius 8: Politics
The politic system applied in Mauritius is democratic republic, in which the president is the head of nation and the prime minister is the head of government, assisted by a Council of Ministers.
Facts about Mauritius 9: Climate
Mauritius has typical tropical in the coastal region with forest in thd maountanious areas. Sureprisingly, In 2011, the World Health Organization released the rate of air quality index among nations, Mauritius was declared as the second most healthy air in the world.
Facts about Mauritius 10: Ethnic
Uniquely, Mauritius is a small country with big diversity, other words Mauritius is a multiethnic society, Indian (Mostly Bihari), African, Chinese and European (mostly French) origin.
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