10 Facts about Medieval China

Post On: April 11, 2018
By: Andi

Facts about medieval china tell us about the earliest known written records of the history of China from as early as 1250 BC (i.e. Shang dynasty). The history in this articlle focused on the imperial china from Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) until Yuan dynasty (AD 1271 – 1368). Here are the description of the lessknown facts about the Medieval China.

Facts about Medieval China 1: Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC)

The brutal silencing of political opposition was presided by the Qin Emperor such as the event known as the burning of books and burying of scholars. On the other hand, there are some big heritance from this emperor, including the concept of a centralised government, and the unification and development of the legal code, the written language, measurement, and currency of China.

Facts about Medieval China 2: Han Dynasty (202 BC – AD 220)

Liu Bang was the founder of Han Dynasty. During this emperor, the stability and prosperity were happened in long period under a central imperial bureaucracy. At this time, confucianism was officially elevated to orthodox status and was to shape the subsequent Chinese civilisation.

facts about medieval china

Facts about Medieval China 3: Three Kingdoms (AD 220 – 280)

In the 2nd century,  the empire declined amidst land and acquisitions, invasions and feuding between consort clans and eunuchs. This time period has been greatly romanticised in works such as romance in the three kingdoms.

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Facts about Medieval China 4: Jin Dynasty (AD 266 – 420)

The Jin dynasty was severely weakened by interceine fighting among imperial princes and lost control  of northern China after non-Han Chinese settlers rebelled and captured Luoyang and Chang’an.

Facts about Medieval China 5: Northern and Southern Dynasties (AD 420 – 589)

Northern and Southern dynasty period known in the beginning of the 5th century. In the Southern dynasties were led by Han with Jiankang (now known as Nanjing) as the capital. On the other side, in the north, the last of the sixteen kingdoms were extinguished  in 439 by the northern wei. In spite of the country devided into two parts, Buddhis spread throughout the land.

Facts about Medieval China 6: Sui Dynasty (581 – 618)

Even though the period of Sui Dynasty was short-lived, it was a pivotal period in Chinese history. The dynasty shaped by Emperor Wen in 581. The Sui Dynasty was an inisiator of three departments and six ministries, imperial examinations for selecting officials from commoners, and such like.

facts about medieval china

Facts about Medieval China 7: Tang Dynasty (AD 618 – 907)

The historians convince that Tang Dynasty (618-907) was a high point of imperial China not only politically but also culturally.

Facts about Medieval China 8: Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (AD 907 – 960)

During this period, China was in all respects a multi-state system. In the northern China there were five regime that succeed  each other in managing of the traditional imperial heartland in northern China.

Facts about Medieval China 9: Song Dynasties (AD 960 – 1234)

Song dynasty founded in 960 by Emperor Taizu and decided Kaifeng (then well-known as Bianjing).

facts about medieval china

Facts about Medieval China 10: Yuan Dynasty (AD 1271-1368)

In 1271 Yuan Dynasty was proclaimed.

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