10 facts about mental retardation will tell us the interesting information about the medical of the mental retardation. Public also know that mental retardation as an intellectual disability and general learning disability. Mental retardation is a generalised neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. It is time to see the interesting facts about mental retardation in some pieces of information below.
Facts about Mental Retardation 1: The Signs of Mental Retardation
There often are no specific physical signs of intellectual retardation, although there may be characteristic physical traits when it is associated with a genetic disorder (e.g. down syndrome).
Facts about Mental Retardation 2: The Symptoms of Mental Retardation
Some of the symptoms of mental retardation are including, delay in reaching or failure to achieve milestones in motor skills development (e.g. sitting, crawling, walking), slowness learning to talk or continued difficulties with speech and language skills after starting to talk, difficulty with self-help and self-care skills (e.g., getting dressed, washing, and feeding themselves), poor planning or problem-solving abilities, behavioural and social problems, failure to grow intellectually or continued infant-like behaviour, problems keeping up in shool, failure to adapt or adjust to new situations, and difficulty understanding and following social rules.
Facts about Mental Retardation 3: The Causes of Mental Retardation
About 5% of cases are inherited from a person’s parents. Genetic defects that cause intellectual disability but are not inherited can be caused by accidents or mutations in genetic development.
Facts about Mental Retardation 4: The Most Common Causes of Mental Retardation
Doctors have found many causes, the most common are: genetic condition, problem during pregnancy, problem at birth, exposure to certain types of diseases or toxins and iodine deficiency.
Facts about Mental Retardation 5: The Diagnosis of Mental Retardation
There are three criteria must be met for a diagnosis of intellectual disability, namely, significant limitation in general mental ablities, significant limitation in one or more areas of adaptive behaviour across multiple environment.
Facts about Mental Retardation 6: Intelligent Quotient of Mental Retardation
Generally, the person who has mental retardation has an IQ below 70. Recently, the diagnosis of intellectual disability is not on IQ scores alon, but must also take into consideration a person’s adaptive functioning, the diagnosis is not made rigidity.
Facts about Mental Retardation 7: Distinction from other Disability
Cognitive deficit may appear any age. Clinically, intellectual disability is a subtype of cognitive deficit or disability affecting intellectual abilities, which is a broader concept and includes intellectual deficits that are too mild to properly qualify as intellectual disability.
Facts about Mental Retardation 8: Limitations in More than One Area
There are many adaptive behaviour’s adaptive scales, and accurate assessment of the quality of someone’s adaptive behaviour requires requires clinical judgement as well. Certain skills are important to adaptive behaviour, such as: daily living skills, communication skills and social skills.
Facts about Mental Retardation 9: Epidemiology
Intellectual disability affects about 2-3% of the general population. 75-90% of the affected people have mild intellectual disability.
Facts about Mental Retardation 10: The Society of Mental Retardation
People with intellectual disabilities are often not seen as full citizens of society.
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