10 Facts about Mexican Immigration during the Great Depression

Post On: July 21, 2020
By: Andi

The amazing history of Mexico will be revealed in the 10 Facts about Mexican Immigration during the Great Depression. Not only about the immigration case, but also, we would tell you about the Mexican repatriation during the great depression or approximately between 1929 and 1936. Here are some pieces of information about them all.

Facts 1 : Cession of Mexican Region

The States of California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and parts of Texas, Colorado, and Wyoming was the region that roughly half of Mexico’s pre-war territory because most of Mexican citizens lived in this area.

Because of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. About 3,000 decided to move to Mexican territory.

Facts 2 : Emigration From Mexico

Mexican emigration to the United States was not significant until the construction of the railroad network between Mexico and the Southwest, that provided employment and eased transit. Increasing demands for agricultural labour, and the violence and economic disruption of the Mexican Revolution, also caused many to flee Mexico during the years of 1910-1920 and again during the Cristero War in the late 1920s.

Facts 3 : U.S Citizenship and Immigration Law

The Immigration law regulated in 1917, but the enforcement was lax and many exceptions were given for employers. The establishment of the U.S. Border Patrol in 1924, make the enforcement became more strict, and in the late 1920s before the market crash as part of general anti-immigrant sentiment, enforcement was again tightened.

Facts 4 : Repatriation of The Early 1930s

During the early 1930s, large number of Mexican nationals and Mexican-Americans were repatriated.

Facts 5 : Scope of Repatriation

The researcher estimates that over 400,000 Mexican left the U.S between 1929 and 1937, with a peak of 138,000 in 1931. The repatriated decreased after 1933.

Facts 6 : Justification for Repatriation

Even before the Wall Street crash, a variety of “small farmers, progressives, labour unions, eugenicists and racists” had called for restrictions on Mexican Immigration. Their arguments focused primarily on competition for jobs and the cost of public assistance for indigents.

Facts about Mexican Immigration during the Great Depression 7: Mechanisms of Repatriation

The federal government, in coordination with local governments, took steps to remove Mexicans. The mechanisms of repatriation conducted through a combination of “lure, persuasion, and coercion.

Facts about Mexican Immigration during the Great Depression 8: Federal Government Action

To face the effects of the great depression, states began passing laws that required all public employees to be American citizens, and employers were subject to harsh penalties such as a five hundred dollar fine or six months in jail if they hired immigrants.

Facts about Mexican Immigration during the Great Depression 9: Repatriation in Los Angeles

Los Angeles had the largest population of Mexicans outside Mexico and had a typical deportation approach, with a plan for publicity releases announcing the deportation campaign.

Facts about Mexican Immigration during the Great Depression 10: Mexican Government Response

Mexican government had traditionally taken the position that it was “duty-bound” to help repatriate Mexicans who lived in the annexed portions of the Southwest United States.

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