10 Facts about Meningitis

Post On: August 4, 2018
By: Andi

The 10 facts about meningitis will find in this article. Generally, meningitis is an acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges. Fever, headache, and neck stiffness are some of the symptoms. Let read the other facts about meningitis in some pieces of information below.

Facts about Meningitis 1: The Clinical Features of Meningitis

The most general symptom of meningitis in adults is a severe headache, occurring in almost 90% of cases of bacterial meningitis, followed by nuchal rigidity (the inability to flex the neck forward passively due to increased neck muscle tone and stiffness).

Facts about Meningitis 2: Early Complications

The early complications, for instance, the infection may trigger sepsis, a systemic inflammatory response syndrome of falling blood pressure, fast heart rate, high or abnormally low temperature, and rapid breathing.

The less-known Facts about Meningitis

Facts about Meningitis 3: Bacterial as the Cause of Meningitis

The individual’s age group decides the types of bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis. In premature babies and newborns up to three months old, common causes are Group B streptococci (subtypes III that normally inhabit the vagina and are mainly a cause during the first week of life). Older children are more commonly affected by Neisseria meningitis (meningococcus) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (serotypes 6, 9, 14, 18 and 23) and those under five by Haemophilus influenza type B (in countries that do not offer vaccination). The Neisserie meningitidis and Streptococcus pneunomiae are the bactery that caused meningitis in adults.

Facts about Meningitis 4: Viral as One of the Causes of Meningitis

Enteroviruses, herpes simplex virus (generally type 2, that produces most genital sores; less commonly type 1), varicella zoster virus (known for causing chickenpox and shnigles), mumps virus, HIV, and LCMV are the kinds of viruses that cause meningitis.

Facts about Meningitis 5: Fungal as One of the Factor of Meningitis Risk Appear

The types of fungal that causes meningitis, including the use of immunosuppressants (such as after organ transplantation), HIV/AIDS, and the loss immunity with aging.

Facts about Meningitis 6: Parasitic as the Cause of Meningitis

The most parasites that cause the meningitis risk including Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Gnathostoma spinigerum, Schistosoma, as well as the conditions cysticercosis, tococariasis, baylisascariasis, paragonimiasis, and the number of rarer infections and noninfective conditions.

The less-known Facts about Meningitis

Facts about Meningitis 7: Non-infectious as One of the Factors that Cause Meningitis

Several non-infectious causes such as certain drugs (mainly non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and intravenous immunoglobin) would cause meningitis risk.

Facts about Meningitis 8: The Large-scale Inflammation

The large-scale  inflammation that occurs in the subarachnoid space during meningitis is not a direct of bacterial infection but it can rather largely be attributed to the response of the immune system oto the entry of bacteria into the central nervous system.

Facts about Meningitis 9: The Types of Meningitis

There are several types of meningitis, including acute bacterial, acute viral, tuberculosis, fungal, and malignant.

The less-known Facts about Meningitis

Facts about Meningitis 10: Prevention

There are some prevention that can be taken, for example behavioral, vaccination and antibiotics.

What do you feel after reading the 10 amazing facts about meningitis?