10 important facts about Mesopotamia will reveal the amazing information about the region in western Asia. Mesopotamia is a historical region in Western Asia located within the Tigris-Euphrates river, also known to most of Iraq, Kuwait, part of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern part of Syria, and regions along the Turkish-Syrian and Iran-Iraq borders. The description below will present the deeper information about the history of Mesopotamia.
Facts about Mesopotamia 1: The Etymology of Mesopotamia
The words of Mesopotamia came from Ancient Greek, root words meso “middle” and potamos “river”. In modern academic usage, the term mesopotamia often also has a chronological connotation. It is usually used to designate the area until the Muslim conquestts, with names like Syria, Jazira, and Iraq, being used to describe the region after that date.
Facts about Mesopotamia 2: Geography of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia located between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, both of which have their headwaters in the Taurus Mountains. Both rivers are fed by numerous tributaries, and the entire river system drains a vast mountains region.
Facts about Mesopotamia 3: Climate in Mesopotamia
The climate in Mesopotamia is semi-arid with a vast desert expanse in the north that gives way to a 15,000-square-kilometre region of marshes, lagoons, mud flats and reed banks in the south.
Facts about Mesopotamia 4: The Irrigation System in The Arid Environment
The arid circle that ranges from the northern areas of rain-fed agriculture to the south where irrigation of agriculture is essential if a surplus energy returned on energy invested (EROEI) is to be obtained. This irrigation is aided by a high water table and by melting snows from the high peaks of the northern Zagros Mountains and from the Armenian Highlands. The usefulness of irrigation depends upon the ability to mobilise sufficient labor for the construction and maintenance of canals, and this, from the earliest period, has assisted the development of urban settlements and centralised systems of political authority.
Facts about Mesopotamia 5: The Agriculture System in Mesopotamia
Agriculture throughout the area has been supplemented by nomadic pastoralism, where tent-dwelling nomads herded sheep and goats from the river pastures in the dry summer months.
Facts about Mesopotamia 6: The History of Mesopotamia
The pre-history of the Ancient Near East starts in the Lower Paleolithic period. The end of prehistory signed by the arrival of the Achaemenid Empire in the late 6th century BC, or with the muslim conquest and the establishment of the Caliphate in the late 7th century AD, from which point the region came to be known as Iraq.
Facts about Mesopotamia 7: Mesopotamia’s Civilisations
The Mesopotamia region was one of the four riverine civilisations where writing was invented, along with the Nile valley in Egypt, the Indus Valley civilisation in the Indian subcontinent, and the Yellow river in China.
Facts about Mesopotamia 8: The Important Mesopotamia’s Leaders
There are some of the Mesopotamia’s important leaders such as Ur Nammu (King of Ur), Sargon of Akkad, Hammurabi, Ashur Uballit II and Tiglath-Pileser I.
Facts about Mesopotamia 9: Pre- and Prohistory Periodisation
This periods are started from 10,000-2900 BC)
Facts about Mesopotamia 10: Early Bronze Age
this period began from about 2,900 and 18th century BC.
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