Check Facts about Manzanar if you want to know one of the 10 concentration camps, which housed the Japanese Americans. In 1942 until 1945, more than 110,000 Japanese Americans had to live in the camps during the Second World War. They were incarcerated to stay in Manzanar. The location of Manzanar is between Independent and Lone Pine at Sierra Nevada in Owens Valley of California. It is located around 370 kilometers or 230 miles north of Los Angeles. Let us find out other interesting facts about Manzanar below:
Facts about Manzanar 1: the term Manzanar
The term Manzanar was taken from Spanish word. The meaning is apple orchard.
Facts about Manzanar 2: a former campsite
Today, Manzanar is not used as a concentration camp anymore. It is transformed into Manzanar National Historic Site. It presents the legacy and historic site for incarceration of Japanese Americans during the Second World War.
Facts about Manzanar 3: Native Americans
The Native Americans settled in villages located nearby the creeks in Manzanar before it was occupied by the Japanese Americans in the Second World War.
Facts about Manzanar 4: the establishment of Manzanar town
In 1910, the town of Manzanar was founded by the miners and ranchers. The town was neglected after the water rights in Manzanar were bought by Los Angeles.
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Facts about Manzanar 5: National Historic Site
Now Manzanar becomes a National Historic Site established by the people who concern with the legacy of Manzanar and the former incarcerates. They believe that the future generation should know about the stories of the people who had lived in the concentration camp.
Facts about Manzanar 6: the importance of the site
Manzanar is not only used to tell the people with the Japanese American incarceration. It also tells them the role of water, which constructs the Owens Valley’s history, the ranch days of Manzanar, history of Manzanar, and the life of Owens Valley Paiute.
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Facts about Manzanar 7: the history of Native Americans
The settlement of Native Americans in Manzanar was traced back around 10,000 years ago. The Owens Valley Paiute lived here. Others included Mono Lake Paiute, Shoshone, Tubatulabal, Western Mono and Miwok.
Facts about Manzanar 8: the lifestyle of Owens Valley Paiute
The Owens Valley Paiute supported their life in Manzanar area by growing crops, collecting pine nuts, fishing and hunting.
Facts about Manzanar 9: the European settlement
In the mid-19th century, European settlers came to Manzanar by establishing some villages.
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Facts about Manzanar 10: John Shepherd
One of the first European settlers in Manzanar was John Shepherd. He was capable to expand his ranch to 810 hectare with the help of the field of workers of Owens Valley Paiute.
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