Facts about Malaria explain about a mosquito-borne infectious disease. The parasitic protozoan in the mosquitoes affects the health of humans and animals. Some signs and symptoms related to malaria include headaches, vomiting, tiredness, and fever. It may lead into seizure, yellow skin, coma or even death if malaria patients are in severe condition. The patient will experience the symptoms 10 to 15 days after it was bitten. Check other interesting facts about malaria below:
Facts about Malaria 1: recurrence
Malaria may recur on the patient if this disease is well treated. The milder symptoms may occur during the re-infection.
Facts about Malaria 2: the female Anopheles mosquito
The female Anopheles mosquito is considered as the transmitter of malaria disease. The person’s blood will be infected by the parasites through the saliva of the mosquitoes. The parasites will be mature and reproduced as they reach the liver.
Facts about Malaria 3: species of Plasmodium
There are five types of Plasmodium species, which may infect human being through mosquitoes. The milder malaria is caused by P. Malariae, P. Ovale and P. Vivax. P. Falciparum causes most death cases of malaria.
Facts about Malaria 4: prevention
You may prevent being bitten by the mosquitoes by installing insect repellants or mosquito nets. Some people also drain standing water and spray insecticides to control the mosquitoes.
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Facts about Malaria 5: medications
Medications are available for those who want to travel to the areas mainly affected by malaria.
Facts about Malaria 6: the widespread disease
The people who live in subtropical and tropical areas are mainly affected by malaria. They are concentrated in Latin America, Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
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Facts about Malaria 7: the cases and death
The global cases of malaria reached 296 million in 2015. Around 731,000 cases ended up in death. Most of them took place in Africa.
Facts about Malaria 8: the social problem
The social problems such as low economic development and poverty are associated with the presence of malaria.
Facts about Malaria 9: cerebral malaria
The neurological symptoms occur on the patients with cerebral malaria. The symptoms include seizures, conjugate gaze palsy, nystagmus and abnormal posturing. The low birth weight, abortion, infant mortality and stillbirths might occur on the pregnant women with malaria.
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Facts about Malaria 10: Liver dysfunction
It is rare to have liver dysfunction because of malaria. The patients who have already had chronic liver disease or viral hepatitis may experience liver dysfunction.
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